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Incorporating Link Information in Feature Selection for Identifying Tumor Biomarkers by Using miRNA-mRNA Paired Expression Data

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Kaiwen Liu and Yang Yang*   Pages 165 - 171 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Feature selection methods have been commonly used in differential expression analysis. The selected genes can serve as potential biomarkers, and play important roles in disease diagnosis and prognosis. Recently, many studies have shown that an efficient way to enhance the performance of feature selection is incorporating data properties, such as the correlation between instances or attributes in heterogeneous data. Gene expression data is a typical kind of linked data, in which genes are related by co-regulation, and samples are groups by similar disease status. However, most of the analysis approaches for gene expression data are designed for generic data, without consideration of data characteristics.

Objective: In this paper, we aim to identify miRNA biomarkers by using feature selection methods. Benefitting from the abundant mRNA-miRNA parallel expression data, mining the linked data can provide valuable information for feature selection and biomarker identification.

Method: Using mRNA-miRNA paired data, we infer connections between data samples by mRNA expression levels, and incorporate the link information into a graph regularization method to achieve feature selection for miRNAs.

Results: The experiments were conducted on three public miRNA-mRNA microarray data sets. The new method greatly reduces feature dimensionality, and achieves high classification accuracy. Experimental comparisons show that it outperforms the classic regularization methods and state-of-the-art feature selection methods.

Conclusion: Taking data properties into consideration has been demonstrated as an effective way to improve the performance of feature selection. Specifically, link information in gene expression data provides useful hints to design structured regularization and assists biomarker identification.

Keywords:

Feature selection, miRNA-mRNA paired expression, regularization, tumor, biomarker, gene expression.

Affiliation:

UM-SJTU Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong Chuan Rd., Shanghai

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