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Identification of the Altered Proteins Related to Colon Carcinogenesis by iTRAQ-based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Yingfu Liu*, Chunhua Luo, Teck Kwang Lim, Qingsong Lin and Defu Yao   Pages 297 - 306 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: The molecular mechanisms or valuable biomarkers for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are not fully elucidated yet.

Objective: To understand the proteomic changes at the global level in the carcinogenesis of CRC, differentially expressed proteins between normal intestinal epithelial cells CCD841 and colorectal cancer cells HCT116 were identified.

Method: The isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) coupled with 2D LC-MS/MS proteomic approach were performed for screening the altered proteins between cells CCD841 and HCT116.

Results: A total of 1947 proteins were identified after filtering and using a 1% false discovery rate. Based on a final cutoff (> 3.16 and < 0.32), 229 proteins were found to be significantly altered, among which 95 (41%) were up-regulated while 134 (59%) were down-regulated. Gene Ontology analysis revealed that the differentially expressed proteins were mainly cell part proteins involved in cellular process and binding in terms of subcellular distribution, biological process, and molecular function. KEGG analysis indicated that the differentially expressed proteins were significantly involved in the process of focal adhesion, pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, leukocyte transendothelial migration, bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, DNA replication and so on.

Conclusion: Collectively, our data identified differentially expressed proteins in colon cancer carcinogenesis, which could provide the clues on unraveling the molecular mechanism of CRC.

Keywords:

Quantitative proteomics, colon cancer, carcinogenesis, iTRAQ, gene, heredity.

Affiliation:

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Medical College, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, The Department of Pathology, Xiamen Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medical, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiamen, Fujian, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Department of Biology and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou



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