Anand Kumar Nelapati and JagadeeshBabu PonnanEttiyappan* Pages 59 - 77 ( 19 )
Background: Hyperuricemia and gout are the conditions, which is a response of accumulation of uric acid in the blood and urine. Uric acid is the product of purine metabolic pathway in humans. Uricase is a therapeutic enzyme that can enzymatically reduces the concentration of uric acid in serum and urine into more a soluble allantoin. Uricases are widely available in several sources like bacteria, fungi, yeast, plants and animals.Objective: The present study is aimed at elucidating the structure and physiochemical properties of uricase by insilico analysis. Methods: A total number of sixty amino acid sequences of uricase belongs to different sources were obtained from NCBI and different analysis like Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA), homology search, phylogenetic relation, motif search, domain architecture and physiochemical properties including pI, EC, Ai, Ii, and were performed. Results: Multiple sequence alignment of all the selected protein sequences has exhibited distinct difference between bacterial, fungal, plant and animal sources based on the position-specific existence of conserved amino acid residues. The maximum homology of all the selected protein sequences is between 51-388. In singular category, homology is between 16-337 for bacterial uricase, 14-339 for fungal uricase, 12-317 for plants uricase, and 37-361 for animals uricase. The phylogenetic tree constructed based on the amino acid sequences disclosed clusters indicating that uricase is from different source. The physiochemical features revealed that the uricase amino acid residues are in between 300338 with a molecular weight as 33-39kDa and theoretical pI ranging from 4.95-8.88. The amino acid composition results showed that valine amino acid has a high average frequency of 8.79 percentage compared to different amino acids in all analyzed species. Conclusion: In the area of bioinformatics field, this work might be informative and a stepping-stone to other researchers to get an idea about the physicochemical features, evolutionary history and structural motifs of uricase that can be widely used in biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. Therefore, the proposed in silico analysis can be considered for protein engineering work, as well as for gout therapy.
Uricase, homology, MSA, phylogenetic tree, motifs, domains, physicochemical properties.
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Srinivasanagar, Surathkal, Mangalore 575025, Karnataka, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Srinivasanagar, Surathkal, Mangalore 575025, Karnataka