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In Silico Design of Chimeric and Immunogenic Protein-containing IpaB and IpaD as a Vaccine Candidate against Shigella dysenteriae

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Seyed Akbar Arianzad, Mehdi Zeinoddini*, Azam Haddadi, Shahram Nazarian and Reza Hasan Sajedi   Pages 333 - 341 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: S. dysenteriae is the causative agent of shigellosis, a severe form of bacillary dysentery and this infectious disease is still a health problem worldwide, especially in children. The most important proteins of the Shigella type III secretion system are IpaB and IpaD, which attach to the intestinal epithelial cells and provide the possibility of invasion and disease. These two proteins with immunogenic properties can be a suitable target to design and manufacture subunit recombinant vaccines.

Objective: The aim of this study is to design an immunogenic chimeric protein against IpaB and IpaD as a subunit vaccine candidate through an in silico study.

Methods: Firstly, the immunogenic epitopes of amino acid sequences, physico-chemical parameters, and the allergenicity of the chimeric protein were determined. Then the tertiary structure and the potential ability of the chimeric protein were predicted and evaluated in terms of inducing B cells’ immune responses with effective epitopes. Finally, the optimization of the chimeric protein was examined as the index affecting the protein expression.

Results: Data showed an instability index of 37.18 and a well-established predicted third structure for the chimeric protein, with a z-score of -6.11. Also, more than 99% of its amino acids were in the optimal range. Minimum energy for mRNA structure increased to -317.9 and the Codon Adaptive Index (CAI) rose to 88%. The designed protein had no IgE specific B cell epitopes.

Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study show that the designed protein can be considered as an immunogen vaccine candidate against S. dysenteriae.

Keywords:

Shigella, in silico analysis, bioinformatics, chimeric protein, candidate vaccine design, virulence factor.

Affiliation:

Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Immam Hossein University, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran



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