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Comparative Analysis of Skeleton Muscle Proteome Profile between Yak and Cattle Provides Insight into High-Altitude Adaptation

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Jin-Wei Xin, Zhi-Xin Chai, Cheng-Fu Zhang, Yu-Mei Yang, Qiang Zhang, Yong Zhu, Han-Wen Cao, Cidan YangJi, Jin-Cheng Zhong and Qiu-Mei Ji *   Pages 62 - 70 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Mechanisms underlying yak adaptation to high-altitude environments have been investigated at the levels of morphology, anatomy, physiology, genome and transcriptome, but have not been explored at the proteome level.

Objective: The protein profiles were compared between yak and cattle to explore molecular mechanisms underlying yak adaptation to high altitude conditions.

Methods: In the present study, an antibody microarray chip was developed, which included 6,500 mouse monoclonal antibodies. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry were performed on 12 selected antibodies which showed that the chip was highly specific. Using this chip, muscle tissue proteome was compared between yak and cattle, and 12 significantly Differentially Expressed Proteins (DEPs) between yak and cattle were identified. Their expression levels were validated using Western blot.

Results: Compared with cattle, higher levels of Rieske Iron-Sulfur Protein (RISP), Cytochrome C oxidase subunit 4 isoform 1, mitochondrial (COX4I1), ATP synthase F1 subunit beta (ATP5F1B), Sarcoplasmic/ Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPase1 (SERCA1) and Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase1 (AMPD1) in yak might improve oxygen utilization and energy metabolism. Pyruvate Dehydrogenase protein X component (PDHX) and Acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (DLAT) showed higher expression levels and L-lactate dehydrogenase A chain (LDHA) showed lower expression level in yak, which might help yak reduce the accumulation of lactic acid. In addition, higher expression levels of Filamin C (FLNC) and low levels of AHNAK and Four and a half LIM domains 1 (FHL1) in yak might reduce the risks of pulmonary arteries vasoconstriction, remodeling and hypertension.

Conclusion: Overall, the present study reported the differences in protein profile between yak and cattle, which might be helpful to further understand molecular mechanisms underlying yak adaptation to high altitude environments.

Keywords:

High altitude, proteomics, antibody microarray, energy metabolism, thermogenesis, yak.

Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, Key Laboratory of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Animal Genetic Resource Reservation and Utilization, Sichuan Province and Ministry of Education, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, Key Laboratory of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Animal Genetic Resource Reservation and Utilization, Sichuan Province and Ministry of Education, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa, Key Laboratory of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Animal Genetic Resource Reservation and Utilization, Sichuan Province and Ministry of Education, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, State Key Laboratory of Hulless Barley and Yak Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement, Lhasa



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